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History

Sites in This Category: 13

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Ancient Egypt
Virtual-Egypt.com

A great site for news of the latest discoveries in ancient Egypt studies.
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Date: 30-07-2006


Added: 25-06-2006 - Updated: 05-07-2006
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Archives New Zealand
The official site of Archives New Zealand, "the official guardian of New Zealand's heritage documents"

"Archives New Zealand is the official guardian of New Zealand's heritage documents. We gather, store and protect an extremely wide range of material. Our holdings include the originals of the Treaty of Waitangi, government files and records, maps, paintings, photos and film. Archives New Zealand's two main roles are

* to ensure governments' activities are recorded and the records are kept permanently; and

* to provide access to these records.

"Many different people and organisations use the materials held at Archives New Zealand. They document rights and entitlements and provide evidence of government activity. The materials also record history and document the relationship between Māori and the Crown. The archives are often used to research Treaty of Waitangi claims or trace whakapapa and ancestry."
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Comment by David Harcourt
Date: 29-07-2006


Added: 04-07-2006 - Updated: 05-07-2006
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Charles Darwin
Darwin Day Celebration - 12 February 2009

Darwin's 200th Birthday will occur on February 12, 2009; it will also be the 150th Anniversary of the publication of his famous book, On The Origin of Species. So, together we can evolve a truly international Celebration to express gratitude for the enormous benefits that scientific knowledge, acquired through human curiosity and ingenuity, has contributed to the advancement of humanity. The objective of Darwin Day Celebration is to encourage existing institutions worldwide, such as municipalities, public and private schools, colleges and universities, libraries, museums, churches, private organizations and individuals to celebrate Science and Humanity every year, on, or near, February 12, Darwin's birthday!

Added: 21-03-2007 - Updated: 21-03-2007
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Colditz Castle
The offical Colditz Castle website

This is a site which is still under construction, but what's there already is very interesting.

Colditz Castle is a castle in the town of Colditz near Leipzig, Dresden, and Chemnitz in the state of Saxony in Germany. It was used as a workhouse for the indigent and a mental institution for over 100 years, it became notorious as Oflag IV-C, a prisoner-of-war camp for "incorrigible" Allied officers who had repeatedly escaped from other camps.

After the outbreak of World War II the castle was converted into a high security prisoner-of-war camp for officers who had become security or escape risks or who were regarded as particularly dangerous. Since the castle is situated on a rocky outcropping above the Mulde river, the Germans believed it to be an ideal site for a high security prison.

The larger outer courtyard, known as the Kommandantur, had only two exits and housed a large German garrison. The prisoners lived in an adjacent courtyard in a 90 foot (27 m) tall building. Outside, the flat terraces which surrounded the prisoners' accommodation were constantly watched by armed sentries and surrounded by barbed wire. Although known as Colditz Castle to the locals, its official German designation was Oflag IV-C and it was under Wehrmacht control.

1939 - The first prisoners arrived in November 1939; they were 140 Polish officers from the September Campaign who were regarded as escape risks. However, later most of them were transferred to other Oflags.

1940 - The "Laufen Six", named after the camp from which they made their first escape, arrived: Harry Elliott, Rupert Barry (later Sir Rupert Barry), Patrick Reid, Dick Howe, Peter Allen, and Kenneth Lockwood. They were soon joined by a handful of British Army officers and later by Belgian officers. By Christmas 1940 there were 60 Polish officers, 12 Belgians, 50 French, and 30 British, a total of no more than 200 with their orderlies.

1941 - February 1941, 200 French officers arrived. A number of the French demanded that French Jewish officers be segregated from them and the camp commander obliged; they were moved to the attics. By the end of July 1941, there were more than 500 officers: over 250 French, 150 Polish, 50 British and Commonwealth, 2 Yugoslavian. On July 24, 1941, 68 Dutch officers arrived, members of the Dutch East Indies Army, who had refused to sign a declaration that they would take no part in the war against Germany. Afterwards a number of would-be-escapees would borrow Dutch greatcoats as their disguise. When the Wehrmacht invaded the Netherlands they were short on material for uniforms, so they confiscated anything available. The coats in Dutch field grey in particular remained unchanged in color, since it was similar to the tone already in use by the Germans, so these greatcoats would be nearly identical with very minor alterations.

1943 - In May 1943, the Wehrmacht High Command decided that Colditz should house only Americans and British, so in June the Dutch were moved out, followed shortly thereafter by the Poles, the Belgians, and the French; with the final French group leaving July 12, 1943. By the end of July there were a few Free French officers, and 228 British officers, with a contingent consisting of Canadians, Australians, New Zealanders, South Africans, Irish, and one Indian.

1944 - On August 23, 1944 Colditz received its first Americans: 49-year-old Colonel Florimund Duke — the oldest American paratrooper of the war, Captain Guy Nunn, and Alfred Suarez. They were all counter-intelligence operatives parachuted into Hungary to prevent it joining forces with Germany. Population was approximately 254 at the start of the early winter that year.

1945 - On January 19, 1945 six French Generals — Lieutenant-General Jean Adolphe Louis Robert Flavigny, Major-General Gustave Marie Maurice Mesny, Major-General Louis Léon Marie André Buisson, Major-General Arsène Marie Paul Vauthier, Brigadier-General Albert Joseph Daine, and Brigadier-General René Jacques Mortemart de Boisse — were brought from the camp at Königstein to Colditz Castle.
On February 5 Polish General Tadeusz Bór-Komorowski, deputy commander of the Armia Krajowa (home army) and responsible for the Warsaw Uprising, arrived with his entourage. In March 1945, 1200 French prisoners were brought to Colditz Castle, with 600 more being imprisoned in the town below.



Added: 07-05-2007 - Updated: 07-05-2007
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Dr Michael Bassett
The official website of Dr Michael Bassett, New Zealand historian

Dr Michael Bassett is probably New Zealand’s best known political historian. He is the author of nine books on New Zealand political history and is currently working on several more. He also writes a political column every second week for Wellington’s Dominion Post and Christchurch’s The Press.

Dr Bassett was New Zealand Minister of Health and Local Government between 1984 and 1987 and Minister of Internal Affairs, Local Government, Civil Defence and Arts & Culture between 1987 and 1990.

He spent ten years (1994-2004) as a tribunal member of the Waitangi Tribunal that deals with the claims of New Zealand’s indigenous people, the Maori.


Added: 27-09-2006 - Updated: -
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enotes
eNotes.com features high-quality study guides, lesson plans, and other reference material in various academic areas.

The (excellent) notes provided cover these areas:

* Literature: Our flagship collection of literature notes, lesson plans, and literary criticism and information. Featuring the best-researched and most complete collection of online literature content anywhere.

* Science: Featuring useful, highly detailed science materials for students and teachers alike, as well as up to the moment science news.

* Law & Politics: A complete resource for students, educators, and researchers that features high-quality law encyclopedias as well as detailed information on American politics.

* History: A vast and always expanding collection of historical documents and information, including rich primary source content for students and teachers.

* Business: Featuring detailed business reports for hundreds of thousands of public and private companies as well as in-depth business information for students and educators.

* Social Sciences: High quality content for the study of social sciences, including our popular Viewpoints series.

* Health: Over 5000 pages of meticulously researched health and medicine information. Searchable and cross-referenced for ease of use.

"eNotes.com was founded in 1998 by two recent college graduates who were frustrated with the lack of quality study guides available online. Starting with the works of Shakespeare, eNotes.com now offers study guides to over 4,000 works of literature and literary movements as well as content in many other subject areas. The company is headquartered in Seattle, Washington, and our sites are among the most visited student websites in the world, providing the highest-quality content to millions of students, teachers, and readers. eNotes.com is constantly growing and improving, adding content from diverse sources in order to provide our users with the best information presented in a crisp, clean format which is easy to use. Our mission is to provide students, teachers, and readers with the most in-depth, useful, and highest-quality study guides for the greatest works of literature."


Added: 10-07-2006 - Updated: 10-07-2006
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HMS Victory
The official HMS Victory website

HMS Victory stands today as the world's oldest commissioned warship. Still manned by Officers and Ratings of the Royal Navy, the Victory has seen over 220 years of almost continuous naval service.

Best known for her role in the Battle of Trafalgar, the Victory currently has a dual role as the flagship of the Commander-in-Chief Naval Home Command and as a living museum to the Georgian navy.

Launched in 1765 at Chatham Dockyard, the Victory was commissioned in 1778 and continued in active service for the next 32 years. In 1812 the Victory was retired from frontline duty and anchored in Portsmouth Harbour, on the south coast of England. For the next 110 years the Victory remained at her moorings in Portsmouth Harbour fulfilling a combination of practical and ceremonial roles.

In 1922, amid fears for her continued survival, the Victory was moved into Portsmouth's Royal Naval Dockyard and placed in No 2 Dry Dock. Work then began on restoring the Victory to her 'fighting' 1805 condition.

Open to the public all year round, HMS Victory allows the visitor to explore the world of the Georgian navy, experiencing both the ship herself and the lives of the men who lived within her 'wooden world'.

Added: 12-12-2006 - Updated: -
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Mayan Religion
Sacred-texts relating to Maya religion, mythology and folklore.

The complete text of the Popol Vuh, Mayan folklore and the extraordinary Mayan calendar - devised over 1500 years ago and still one of the most accurate calendars ever.

Added: 05-10-2006 - Updated: 05-10-2006
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Moving History
A guide to UK film & television archives in the public sector

"While it took many decades for some sceptics to realise the importance of maintaining archives devoted to preserving film and television programmes, the
movement has certainly gained a critical mass of interested organisations in recent years. One particularly nice online resource for such matters is the Moving History website, which serves as a research guide to the United Kingdom's twelve public sector film archives. With support from Britain's Arts and Humanities Research Council, the site includes sections that describe each of the collections, along with a lovely selection of 100 film clips. The clips can be browsed by theme and host archive, and they include depictions of British "holiday-making" trips and segments from the popular British television series, "Steptoe and Son". The site is rounded out by the inclusion of a set of links to related organisations, such as the Association of Moving Image Archivists and the British Pathé Film Archive."
Comments
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Comment by David Harcourt
Date: 29-07-2006


Added: 04-07-2006 - Updated: 05-07-2006
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The Dictionary of New Zealand Biography
over 3,000 biographies of New Zealanders who have 'made their mark' on this country

This site (and the printed volumes) contains:

* the biographies of 3,049 people in 2,977 biographical essays

* the biographies of 492 Maori people in 481 essays, translated into Maori from the English-language biographies

The biographies have been published here as they appeared in the printed version, with a small number of minor corrections. The date given in the citation at the foot of each biography records when the text was last updated. For enquiries about earlier versions, please refer to the printed volumes or email the DNZB for further information.

Will more biographies be added?

Yes, we will add new biographies in future. For more information about how we select biographies, please see the DNZB project pages on the Ministry for Culture and Heritage website.

Can I suggest someone for inclusion?

Yes, but we only include people who are no longer alive, and we are focusing on people who were active in the years between 1960 and 1980. For more information about making a nomination, please see the DNZB project pages on the Ministry for Culture and Heritage website.

What is 'Our Land, Our People'?

This section of the site includes material adapted under licence from the New Zealand Historical Atlas (originally published in 1997). It presents snapshots of places, times, events and trends in New Zealand history, linked to the biographical content.

When was the site launched?

The preliminary version of this website was launched at the conference of the New Zealand Historical Association in Christchurch, New Zealand, on 1 December 2001. The site was formally launched in Wellington by Prime Minister Helen Clark on 19 February 2002.


Added: 19-01-2009 - Updated: -
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The Titanic
The Encyclopedia Titanica website is all about the Titanic

Welcome to Encyclopedia Titanica, a unique resource for anyone interested in the Titanic. Here you can read over 2,100 individual passenger and crew biographies, browse the regularly updated passenger and crew listings, read exclusive articles by leading historians or join in discussions about Titanic research in our ever expanding message board.

Encyclopedia Titanica:

* first came online in September 1996

* presents the latest Titanic research

* is a resource for both the serious researcher and the casual browser

* is the work of hundreds of historians and enthusiasts from all over the world. And you can add to it too!

* is constantly updated and refined (see What's New)

* has among the most accurate passenger and crew lists ever compiled. Unusually, the lists give individuals' full names, including variations and accents (i.e. special characters).

* Each biography is linked to those of people they met or travelled with, so the visitor can follow the story of the Titanic in an infinite number of ways, depending on the starting point

* currently features 2100 Titanic passenger and crew biographies with 750 Titanic related documents

* has over 1000 photographs, many from private collections and previously unpublished

Added: 02-02-2007 - Updated: 02-02-2007
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Time Capsule
On this day in history...

Events, birthdays, songs, TV shows, toys, and books associated with specific dates in history.

"Select a date and the advanced page allows you to select specific headlines, birthdays, songs, TV shows, toys, and books for the selected date. You can edit the information, or even add your own information to the final page! When you're through, you'll be presented with your own customized page that includes all the information you've chosen, plus typical consumer prices from that year, Academy Award winners that year, etc. We currently have data online for the years 1800 through 2002, although data for the years 1800 - 1875 is probably spotty."
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Comment by David Harcourt
Date: 30-07-2006


Added: 06-07-2006 - Updated: 25-10-2009
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Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia
"the free encyclopedia that anyone can edit"

"Welcome to Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia that anyone can edit. Since its creation in 2001, Wikipedia has grown into the largest reference website on the Internet. The content of Wikipedia is free, written collaboratively by people from all around the world. This website is a wiki, which means that anyone with access to an Internet-connected computer can edit, correct, or improve information throughout the encyclopedia, simply by clicking the edit this page link (with a few minor exceptions, such as protected articles and the main page). Wikipedia is a registered trademark of the non-profit Wikimedia Foundation, which has created an entire family of wiki projects. On Wikipedia, and its sister projects, you are welcome to be bold and edit articles yourself, contributing knowledge as you see fit in a collaborative way. So go ahead! In every article, links will guide you to associated articles, often with additional information. You are welcome to add further information, cross-references, or citations, so long as you do so within Wikipedia's editing policies and to an appropriate standard. You do not need to fear accidentally damaging Wikipedia when you add or improve information, as other Wikipedians are always around to advise or correct obvious errors if needed, and the Wikipedia encyclopedia software, known as MediaWiki, is carefully designed to allow easy reversal of editorial mistakes. Because Wikipedia is an ongoing work to which in principle anybody can contribute, it differs from a paper-based reference source in some very important ways. In particular, older articles tend to be more comprehensive and balanced, while newer articles may still contain significant misinformation, unencyclopedic content, or vandalism. Users need to be aware of this in order to obtain valid information and avoid misinformation which has been recently added and not yet removed. However, unlike paper reference sources Wikipedia is completely up-to-date, with articles on topical events being created or updated within minutes or hours, rather than months or years for printed encyclopedias."
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Date: 29-07-2006


Added: 21-06-2006 - Updated: 07-07-2006
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